Anthropological dating terms

Aerial Reconnaissance - The technique of searching for sites and features, both cultural and natural, from the air, often using aerial photography or the human eye.Absolute dating is the process of determining an age on a specified chronology in archaeology and geology.

The sequence of development of culture or the relationship between events that represent culture can be established only when events can be placed in proper time.

Chronology, the study of events in time frame, is hence the central theme of archaeologist, like the geologist who deals with the story of earth history.

This technique is now also used to count carbon isotope atoms for radiocarbon dating.

The advantage of this technique over the conventional radiocarbon method is that it requires a far smaller sample size and can potentially provide dates going back to around 100,000 B. At present, however, AMS dates generally are for events less than changes in the body in response to environmental stresses such as high or low temperatures, intense ultraviolet radiation from sun light, or high altitude.

In fact, chronology is one of the most fundamental issues in and perhaps a characteristic of archaeology.

Archaeologists use several methods to assign ages to events of the past.

This tool-making technology was a more complex way of making stone tools than the earlier Oldowan technology.

More flakes were knocked off from both sides of a stone and there is evidence that the maker had a preconceived notion of the tool's final form.

They are engaged in defining the stages of hominid evolution and their artifactual record, and the assignment of a chronology to these stages.

Chronology is the science of measuring time and ordering of the things in time.

Adaptive radiation is the process by which one species evolves into two or more species.

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